The methods of Training in Systematic Instruction (TSI) fit broadly into the in-work support element of the ‘Supported Employment’ approach.  It was originally devised by Dr Marc Gold, an American Psychologist who conducted his pioneering research in the mid 1970’s and early 80’s.  It was first introduced into the UK in 1987.

TSI is an approach intended for practitioners working directly with people who require additional support to learn the practical skills involved in work and independent living. Originally, it was devised for people with learning disabilities, but its relevance and effectiveness to reach across many vulnerable groups has become obvious, including people with autism, users in mental health services and basically anyone who lacks confidence and/or needs support to successfully undertake and learn the practical tasks involved at work.

When TSI arrived in the UK it made an instant impact as it held the capacity for providing an effective method for training people with learning disabilities complex work skills which up to that time, were thought by most in society, to be unattainable.   It became an instant hit with people setting up or developing supported employment services in the UK because it offered and effective methodology to support people with learning disabilities into inclusive paid work environments.

TSI is based on three things:-

Preparation to teach – You can’t teach something that you don’t know and have a feel for yourself.

Teaching strategies – As someone who knows the task, your responsibility is to pass on your knowledge to the learner as quickly as possible.

The values that underpin TSI – Teach don’t test! The process is dynamic and involves both parties learning from each other.